Intrinsic and extrinsic motivational factors of frontline health workers in Ghana

17 May 2023
Moses Aikins, Samuel Amon, Samuel Agyei Agyemang, Patricia Akweongo and Kaspar Wyss
A group of seven standing, smiling African and European men and women in a garden


Human resources are vital for delivering health services, and health systems cannot function effectively without enough skilled, motivated, and well-supported health workers. Even though several studies have addressed job satisfaction among healthcare professionals in different parts of the world, there is limited research examining intrinsic and extrinsic motivational factors involved in job satisfaction, particularly in low-and-middle-income countries. This paper seeks to help fill that gap.

The team found that public healthcare workers working at primary health facilities in Ghana, at higher levels of service delivery, showed higher satisfaction compared to lower-level staff, both in terms of intrinsic and extrinsic factors underlying satisfaction. Thus, to enhance healthcare services, health facilities’ administrators should take measures to improve the working conditions of staff at all levels of service delivery, since the hierarchy of service delivery in the health system makes the contributory role of all staff critical in improving the quality of primary healthcare.

Read this F1000 paper here.

Ghana; Management strengthening